About Ucraina

Thursday 21st of August 2014 04:04:06 PM W News Document!

Ukraine (/ Ukraine /; in Ukrainian Україна, Ukrajina / ukrajina /) is a state (603,700 km ², 46,958,740 inhabitants on 1 December 2005, Kiev) Eastern European. It has an outlet on the Black Sea to the south and borders Russia to the east, Belarus to the north and Poland, Slovakia, Hungary, Romania and Moldova to the west.

Ukraine is a republic, the President of the Republic while the current Prime Minister Viktor Janukovič is Mykola Azarov.

The official language is Ukrainian. Widespread in the eastern regions is Russian in the autonomous republic of Crimea, which is also the official language.

The name comes from the Ukraine Ancient Eastern Slavic ukraina, formed by u meaning "near, near" and the root kraj Slavic, meaning "land". Therefore, ukraina meaning "edge". Ukrainian krajina simply means "country, land" [2].

In prehistoric times the Ukraine is already inhabited by populations of farmers, thanks to the abundance of water and fertile soil of the region, are favorable conditions for the. These populations were subjugated by the Scythians, a semi-nomadic Indo-European people originally allocated to the north of the Caucasus, at the height of his power, he occupied the Black Sea coast and the valley of the River Dnipro between the seventh and sixth centuries BC At the same time the region was settled migrants from the sea by the Greeks, who founded several colonies along the coast. The interaction between the Scythians and the Greeks of the colonies produced a culture with its original features compared to those of neighboring peoples. During the long centuries of proximity to various communities in the Scythian became Hellenized, and built to turn the city-state model guided by the greek. In the western part of today's Ukraine were allocated the Dacians / Getae.

In the second century BC, the Scythian territory was invaded from the east by the Sarmatians, a people akin to the semi-nomadic ethnic Scythians, native to the steppes of the Volga. Originally mingled peacefully with the Sarmatians Scythians, but soon turned against them and attacked them, coming to conquer almost all their territory around 150 BC Only a few city-states of the Caucasus and the region remained under the control of growth . In contrast to the Scythians did with the Greeks, not mingled with the Sarmatians invaded nations, maintaining its identity for many centuries.

The Sarmatians effectively opposed the expansionist Roman Empire until the second century, when they were subjected by the Alans. Historians believe that the Alans were also of the same race of Sarmatians, and that the invasion was actually just an internal upheaval of power to the tribes of this people.

Despite the border wars that opposed the Romans and Scythians has also established an alliance of city-state births Ukraine with the Roman Empire. Even without joining the domain Roman city-states habitually markets imperial merchants.

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