About Eriobotrya_japonica

Monday 8th of February 2016 07:31:06 PM W News Document!

Mespilus japonicus

The loquat (Eriobotrya japonica (Thunb.) Lindl., 1821) is a plant belonging to the family Rosaceae.

There are two different fruits that are marked with the name of medlar: the fruit of Eriobotrya japonica (Japanese medlar) is precisely that to date most marketed and well known, has had importance in European culture but also the fruit of the common European medlar.

The old adage "Over time and with the mature straw medlar" (It takes patience to wait to see the results) in fact refers to the common medlar, already known in ancient Europe, prior to the arrival of the Japanese medlar 'beginning of 1800. The fruits of medlar European fact can not be consumed at the gathering, which takes place in late autumn, but they should be left "mezzanine" in a dry and ventilated (note on the straw) that soften and turn color from light brown to dark brown.

It is believed that the loquat, both from China, where there are a large range of varieties in all sizes, even small fruit and less commercial interest in Japan at any time prior to contact with Europe were selected different Eriobotrya variety of fruit that are generally larger than those in wild Chinese, Chinese varieties are usually more compact flesh, while the Japanese are more watery flesh.

The fruit began to spread in Europe in early 1800, the first unit because it was planted in the botanical garden of Paris in 1784, and then down to Kew Gardens in London in 1787.

The loquat is a medium-sized tree (up eight to ten feet tall and equally wide,) which is normally grown and led to smaller. The tree is evergreen and the leaves are very large (length up to 25 cm, width up to 10 cm), very strong consistency, similar to the board, with the dorsal surface green in color, shiny, while the verses are light green, whitish and very hairy.

Hairiness affects all parts of the young and herbaceous plants.

The fact that the tree takes on a rounded habit, and the fruits are brought to the ends of branches, raising questions about the collection, normally run on the ground and pruning back or to induce a habit sow that promotes the collection.

Even in the Philippines, the loquat is grown at low hedge, (no more than two meters high) to avoid damage caused by typhoons, because of it is an evergreen plant with large leaves and is subject to severe damage if subjected to strong winds, or snow load.

The fruits of loquat are clear yellowish, yellow or orange, ripen in spring or early summer, and are immediately edible.

The fruits contain one or two large seeds that are a significant part in weight of the fruit, for reproduction by seed, the seeds must be sown immediately, as rapidly lose viability, becoming dehydrated. The seeds can make a liquor similar to Walnut (hull made with walnuts): The Nespolino. The seeds of loquat still contain small amounts of hydrocyanic acid (cyanide).

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